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The trouble with using experience as a guide is that the final exam often comes first and then the lesson. Author unknown

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The American Museum of Natural History – Second Asiatic Expeditions led by Roy Chapman Andrews

Between 1922 and 1930 the American Museum of Natural History had sent five expeditions to China and Mongolia led by Roy Chapman Andrews with costs totaling over $ 200 million in today’s money. Among many of the expeditions success was the discovery of first dinosaur eggs in history at the Flaming Cliffs in Mongolian Gobi.

Roy Chapman Andrews Camel Caravan

Both automobile and camel caravans traveled under the protection of the United States flag, showing that a foreign government would be angry if harm befell its citizizents.

Roy Chapman Andrews' automobile caravan

Below: Roy Chapman Andrews’ camp in Mongolian Gobi.

Roy Chapman's camp in Mongolian Gobi

Below: Andrews and Merin, the head of his camel caravan.

Andrews with Merin, the head of the expedition's camel caravan

Digging dinosaur egss

Above & Below: First dinosaur eggs in history found.

Dinosaur egg found

Huge dinosaur bones found at Flaming Cliff

Roy Champman Andrews' team

Below: Andrews hunted an Argali (wild sheep).

Argali Hunt

The supreme trophy of a sportsman’s life is the head of a Mongolian bighorn sheep. I think it was Rex Beach who said, “Some men can shoot but not climb. Some can climb but not shoot. To get a sheep you must be able to climb and shoot, too.”
….Not half a mile from the summit of the pass, the Mongol stopped and said, “Pan-yang-on that ridge across the valley.” He looked again and turned to me with a smile. “It is the same ram,” he said. “I knew he would be here.” Sure enough, when I found the sheep with my glasses, I recognized our old friend. The little ewe was with him, and they had been joined by another ram carrying a circlet of horns, not far short of the big fellow’s in size.
From “Across Mongolian Plains: A Naturalist’s Account of China’s “Great Northwest”, by Roy Chapman Andrews.

Below: Chinese squad letting the expedition pass through the area under their control.

Passing Chinese controlled area

Below: The eggs found at the Flaming Cliffs on display of the American Museum of Natural History. 2011.

Dinosaur eggs at the American Museum of Natural History

Below: How the eggs were found? From the American Museum of Natural History.

How the eggs were found

Below: How did paleontologists know that the fossil egg at Flaming Cliffs were laid by Protoceratops? From the American Museum of Natural History.

Dinosaur eggs identified

Dinosaur nests

Below: Present Day Flaming Cliffs.

Modern Day Flaming Cliffs

Khorgo (Horgo) Terkh National Park

View from Horgo Mountain

View of Lake Terkh (White Lake) from Horgo (Khorgo) Mountain. Young forest and the the volcanic rocks create a beautiful scenery.

Volcanic Hole in Horgo (Khorgo) Mountain

Volcanic Hole in Horgo (Khorgo) Mountain. Depth: about 150 m, width: about 200m. If you challenge yourself to reach to the bottom of the volcanic hole, you will find fresh and cold water coming from underground.

White Lake or Terkhiin Tsgaan Nuur

White Lake (Terkhiin Tsgaan Nuur). If you an angler, this is a good place to catch pikes.

Khorgo – Terkh National park about is located in Arkhangai aimag (province) in Central – Western Mongolia. The National Park’s location along the main route to Western Mongolia makes it one of the most visited attractions not only for foreign tourists but also for domestic travelers. Trips to/ from Lake Huvsgul can also be combined with a visit to the Khorg-Terkh National Park as in our tour Tour N8: Gems of Mongolia.



Phrases for your horseback riding adventure

Horsewhip – Tashuur (Ташуур)

Saddle – Emeel (Эмээл)

Stirrups – Doroo (Дөрөө)

Ride a horse – Mori Unah (Морь унах)

….To be continued…

Orkhon Waterfall (Orhon Waterfall)

Ulaan Tsutgalan waterfall

Orkhon Waterfall

Orkhon waterfall (also, called Ulaan Tsutgalan Waterfall) is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Central Mongolia. The height of the waterfall is about 20m (65 feet).  The waterfall is located in a beautiful valley with volcanic rocks.  It can be reached in 4-5 hours from Kharkhorin (Karakorum) and in 2-3 hours from Tuvkhun temple. Travel routes from Gobi Desert to Central Mongolia passes close by the waterfall.

Orkhon river itself is the longest river in Mongolia with length of 1124 kilometers (709 miles). It originates in Khangai Mountain Range and merges to Selenge River, eventually reaching Lake Baikal. Orkhon river valley is listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites for its historical value related to Great Mongolian Empire.

“I dislike feeling at home when I am abroad” George Bernard Shaw

“For my part, I travel not to go anywhere, but to go. I travel for travel’s sake. The great affair is to move.” Robert Louis Stevenson

There are no foreign lands. It is the traveler only who is foreign. (Robert Louis Stevenson)

Lake Huvsgul

Lake Huvsgul, Hovsgol Lake, Lake Khuvsgul, Lake Khovsgol

Lake Huvsgul

Known as blue pearl of Mongolia, Lake Huvsgul is one of the most popular destinations for international and domestic tourists. The lake is located at 1645m above sea level and is 136 km long 36.5km wide and has an area of 2760km2. It is 262.4m deep at its deepest point and 138m deep on average.

Lake Huvsgul is the second largest freshwater lake in central Asia after Russia’s Lake Baikal. Huvsgul water is crystal fresh and clear that you can drink the water and see points at as deep as 24.5m. Lake Huvsgul feeds Lake Baikal through Eg river.